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Periodontal Treatment
Periodontitis is a type of chronic gum disease that affects the gums and the bones supporting the teeth. It is known to be the leading cause of tooth loss all over the world. Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.
Nine out of ten people have periodontal disease and are not even aware of it since the disease is usually painless in the early stages.
Recent research has suggested a link may exist between periodontal disease and other diseases such as, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease etc.
Some of the common signs of periodontal disease are bleeding gums, loose teeth, formation of new gaps between teeth, bad breath and pus around the teeth and gums, loss of gum around a tooth and red, swollen gums.
This is done by using a small, blunt probe to measure the pocket or space between the tooth and the gums. As periodontal disease progresses, the pockets get deeper.
Your dentist will measure the pocket depths, the amount of bleeding, inflammation, tooth mobility, tartar etc to make a diagnosis that will usually fall into one of categories below:
Gingivitis is the initial stage of periodontal disease. Here, the gums become tender and inflamed and prone to bleeding because of plaque.
The plaque hardens in to calculus or tartar. The gums begin to recede away from the teeth. The space between the gums and teeth widens and gets filled with bacteria and pus. The gums swell up and bleed easily. A slight bone loss occurs.
Advanced Periodontitis
The gums, bone, and periodontal ligament get damaged and the affected teeth become loose and mobile. They develop a very.
Plaque can turn into tartar within a short span of 24 hours. It is therefore essential to control plaque formation by practicing good dental hygiene daily at home. However, there are parts of your teeth that are hard to reach and require dental attention.
Regular periodontal cleanings are recommended usually twice in a year. At these cleaning appointments, your gum and gum pockets will be examined to ensure that they are healthy. Plaque and tartar will be thoroughly removed from above and below the gum line.
These appointments also include examining your dental x-rays. They are important to determine tooth and root positions and to detect any decay, tumors, cysts, and bone loss. Any existing fillings, crowns, implants will be checked and tooth surfaces will be examined for signs of decay. An oral cancer screening will also be conducted and the face, neck, lips, tongue, throat, cheek tissues, and gums will be examined.
The treatment for periodontal disease is determined as per each individual's case. Periodontal disease advances as the gum pockets or space between the tooth and gums gets filled with bacteria, plaque, and tartar, causing irritation to the surrounding tissues. When this condition remains untreated, it causes damage to the gums and also affects the bone that supports the teeth.
If the disease is arrested in the initial stages and no severe damage has occurred, regular dental cleanings and improving daily oral hygiene habits dental cleanings will help treat the disease. In more severe cases, Scaling and Root Planning will be prescribed.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and Root Planing is a technique of deep cleaning. It is usually done one quadrant of the mouth at a time while the area is numb. In this procedure, tartar, plaque, and toxins are removed from above and below the gum line (scaling) and the rough spots on root surfaces are smoothened (planning). This procedure helps the gum tissue to heal and causes the pockets to shrink. Medications, special medicated mouth rinses, and an electric toothbrush may be recommended to help control infection and healing.
If the pockets do not heal after scaling and root planning, periodontal surgery may be needed to reduce pocket depths, making teeth easier to clean. Your dentist may also recommend that you see a Periodontist (specialist of the gums and supporting bone).
Splinting is a technique which is performed by using a thin steel wire or ribbond material to bind the teeth that have come loose and become mobile. The tooth being treated is bound to the adjoining stable tooth to make it stable. OM Dental Clinic is adept in the Splinting procedure and uses techniques to minimize and eliminate any pain. Contact us on to know more about how we could help you with the Splinting procedure.
Periodontal Surgeries
In some cases periodontal surgeries are required when deep pockets remain beneath the gum even after extensive cleaning sessions have been conducted. These pockets can be reduced by opting for periodontal surgery. The surgery makes it possible to remove diseased tissue and repositions and shapes the bones and gums and the tissues supporting the teeth. The type of surgical procedure depends on each individual's diagnosis.
Contact us to know more about our periodontal surgeries.
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